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Forex Trading

The Complete 28 Major Forex Pairs List

By December 2, 2021September 13th, 2022No Comments

The foreign exchange market, commonly referred to as the forex market, is based on the trading of one currency for another. The exact amount of one currency that is exchanged for an amount of https://forexbroker-listing.com/ a second currency is determined by the value of each. The foreign currency exchange offers an abundance of potential opportunities for veteran traders as well as those new to the markets.

currency pairs list

One thing to note is that these exotic currency pairs tend to have wider spreads because they are not actively traded like the major currency pairs. Because the exotic currency pairs lack sufficient liquidity, at least compared to that of other pairs, the accuracy of technical analysis can suffer. So even if you find a pair that has a favorable spread, the lower volume may adversely affect your trading performance.

You might believe that you’re spreading or diversifying your risk by trading in different pairs, but you should know that many of them tend to move in the same direction. What’s nice about the chart above is that it’s divided into various time frames. This separation makes it easy to determine how one currency pair correlates to another and if you’re approach makes sense from a risk to reward perspective. Over the years the yen has been one of the more consistent safe haven currencies, which has made it my go-to currency when fear begins to grip global markets. Remember that if the quote currency experiences heavy appreciation, the pair is likely to move lower over time. Also, in my experience, the study of technical analysis works best in highly liquid markets.

To maintain a through currency for a currency pair, check against the box ‘Through Currency’. Nonetheless, when trading currencies, investors are selling one currency in order to buy another. Major currencies are considered currencies that are most often traded against the U.S. dollar, such as EUR/USD, AUD/USD, and USD/CAD. New enhancements to our digital ICE Markets expiry calendar help you easily access important information for the markets you trade. All services and products accessible through the site /markets are provided by FXCM Markets Limited with registered address Clarendon House, 2 Church Street, Hamilton, HM 11, Bermuda. This offers a similar experience to the Advantage, with the extra bonus of zero commission – but it does have wider spreads.

In currency trading, traders often look for currency pairs with the highest pip values, as they are very useful for short-term strategies, such as day trading. The value of each pip depends on your lot size and the specific currency that you are trading. Pips can also be useful for calculating the amount of leverage that a trader can use when foreign currency trading. Currencies from developing or emerging market economies that are paired with a major currency are called exotic currency pairs. These pairings are known to be more illiquid and come with wider spreads; thus, making them riskier.

For example, if you sell the EURUSD and buy the USDCHF, you have essentially doubled your risk. For example, under normal circumstances, the EURUSD and the USDCHF are negatively correlated. In other words, if the EURUSD ends the day higher by 100 pips, chances are the USDCHF finished the day lower.

The British Pound Sterling/US Dollar (GBP/USD)

Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. As a result, traders often turn to CHF during times of increasing market volatility, but the Swiss franc will typically see less interest from traders during times of greater market stability. During times of increased volatility, it is likely the price of this pair would drop as CHF strengthens against the USD after experiencing increased investment. The most common currency pairs often involve the US dollar or Euro, but may also show up among geographic neighbors like Australia and New Zealand. There is no definite ‘safest currency’ to trade, due to the liquidity and often volatility of the forex market. However, some currencies are stronger in value than others and can act as a safe haven for investors in times of instability.

What is the cheapest forex pair?

  • EUR/USD pair, spreads from 0.1 pips! Spread / Daily Range = 1.5% (the lower the better)
  • USD/JPY, the second lowest spread pair. Spread/Daily Range = 2.1%
  • GBP/USD, a low spread pair that moves! Spread/Daily Range = 2.0%
  • USD/CHF, low spread – high stability.
  • EUR/JPY, non-USD pair with low spread.

The performance quoted maybe before charges, which will reduce illustrated performance. However, the minors tend to be slightly more expensive to trade and can tend to be more volatile. This was because there was a large cable that ran across the floor of the Atlantic Ocean that connected the UK and the US. Every country requires exchanging currencies from one to another.

As the name implies, commodity currencies are those that rely on their respective country’s export activities. As such, you are now somewhat limited in what you can do should a favorable setup arise on a more liquid pair such as the EURUSD or the USDCAD. However, if you trade the exotics listed above, you may not have that luxury.

What is leverage and how does it work when trading FX?

However, if the American economy is doing better than the British economy, the reverse is true. The price displayed for a currency pair represents the amount of the quote currency you will need to spend in order to purchase one unit of the base currency. Forex is the largest and most volatile market in the world with hundreds of currency combinations to choose from. To simplify things, here are the ten most traded forex pairs on the market.

The Profit and Loss for the position are converted to the INR using the Reference rate (released by RBI at 12.30 PM) at the end of the trading day. P&L for EURUSD and GBPUSD will be converted using USDINR and USDJPY with JPYINR rate. Volatility – The increased volatility as mentioned above can be good but also bad, with high risk and the chance to suffer more losses.

How much money do you need to Get Started?

Retail traders with limited resources are afforded access to the same markets as institutional participants. In fact, FXCM offers interested individuals the ability to begin trading with as little as $50. The international currency trade furnishes participants with an unparalleled collection of opportunities. Given the depth and liquidity of the forex, it is possible to implement almost any viable strategy with maximum efficiency. From short-term intraday approaches to multi-session swing trading plans, profiting from periodic exchange rate fluctuations can become not only possible but probable. These are not major currency pairs even though there’s a USD because you can see that the dollar is pegged into countries which are classified as developing nations.

I’ll admit that trading currencies is quite different from purchasing a home, but the idea is the same – you need to understand where your money is going. Trading forex on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. Also known as the Kiwi, New Zealand is the largest exporter of dairy-based products, which means that if milk prices rise, the NZDUSD tends to follow. What makes the USD/JPY a major is that Japan is one of the largest net exporters in the world, which means huge volumes of businesses would exchange into and from the Japanese Yen.

The bulk of the transactions are usually found on the major pairs. Click the ‘Open account’button on our website and proceed to the Personal Area. Once you are done with all the checks, go to the preferred trading platform, and start trading. Staying up-to-date with currency correlations can help you make better decisions if you want to leverage, hedge, or diversify your trades. Many traders make the mistake of skipping these necessary steps before putting their hard-earned money at risk. And if you aren’t familiar with these currency correlations, you can inadvertently double your risk.

He’s been interviewed by Stocks & Commodities Magazine as a featured trader for the month and is mentioned weekly by Forex Factory next to publications from CNN and Bloomberg. Justin created Daily Price Action in 2014 and has since grown the monthly readership to over 100,000 Forex traders and has personally mentored more than 3,000 students. An example of two positively correlated pairs would be EURUSD and GBPUSD. In our previous example, if the EURUSD ends the session higher by 100 pips, it’s likely that GBPUSD also ended the day higher. A currency pair’s correlation refers to the similarities shared by various pairings. These commonalities lead to both positive and negative associations.

Forex Never Sleeps

Both currencies will have exchange rates on which the trade will have its position basis. All trading within the forex market, whether selling, buying, or trading, will take place through currency pairs. The majors are the most liquid and widely traded in the ifc markets review forex market. Because these pairs have the largest volume of buyers and sellers, they also typically have the tightest bid and ask spreads. Most traders would agree that the most profitable forex pairs to trade include the above seven major forex pairs.

For instance, if one is strengthening while the other is weakening, the move will be more pronounced than if only one currency is on the move. Not surprisingly, the next example is the EURUSD in a bear market. In our example, if the Euro were to strengthen while the US dollar remained static, the EURUSD would rise. Conversely, if the Euro weakened the pair would fall, all things being equal.

The Profit and Loss for cross-currency contracts will be shown in the quote currency and not in INR like it is for normal equity, commodities and currencies traded in India. Something that has worked well now might not work as well in the future so it is always wise to reassess your trading goals and the strategies you are using. The forex market is ever-changing and that is what makes it so special and the most globally traded financial market in the world. Exotic currency pairs basically refer to currency pairs in developing countries most of the time. In general, markets with high liquidity exhibit smaller spreads than less frequently traded markets. Quotes against major currencies other than USD are referred to as currency crosses, or simply crosses.

Alternatively, a trader could sell the EUR/USD pair – also known as ‘going short’ – if they believe the value of the euro will go down relative to the dollar. Read more examples of short selling currenciesusing spread bets and CFDs. Points are the smallest unit of measurement in the exchange rate of a currency pair. If you have opted for a points system of defining spread, you should specify the multiplication factor for the points to compute effective spread. If the exchange rate for a particular currency pair is not to be maintained, specify the ‘Through Currency’ via which the exchange rate between the currencies should be calculated. The Australian Dollar was introduced in 1966 to replace the Australian Pound and is the currency of the Australian Commonwealth .

By process of elimination, you know that the quote currency is the one that comes second in a pairing. This naming convention is the same regardless of the currency pair you’re trading. As what bear market you might have guessed from its name, each pair involves two currencies. In this way, the value of one currency is compared to and is thus relative to the currency it’s paired against.

Who controls the forex market?

7.1 The Foreign Exchange Market

It is decentralized in a sense that no one single authority, such as an international agency or government, controls it. The major players in the market are governments (usually through their central banks) and commercial banks.

Exotic currency pairs can be traded at any forex broker, some brokers offering a larger variety than others. With Axi, you can trade over 40 exotic currency pairs with spreads ranging from 1.2 to 189. Exotic forex pairs can provide you with an opportunity to diversify your trading. Exotic currencies have a higher level of volatility, which increases the risk of trading them, but also offers the chance of finding trading opportunities should there be none in the major FX pairs. Further, the emerging market currencies offer a higher level of interest rate, which can make them attractive for carry trades.

The forex market is the most popular financial market, traded by individual retail traders, banks and businesses alike. Learn more about how you can take advantage offorex trading hours. Any Information or advice contained on this website is general in nature and has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. ogfx Past performance of any product described on this website is not a reliable indication of future performance. USD/CHF earns its place on the list of major currency pairs in much the same way as the USD/JPY does. Considered a safe haven due to Switzerland’s financial stability and low market volatility, many use the CHF in much the same way as the JPY.

Then choose from the list codes provided against Code, Select the currency code, which you want to specify as the ‘through currency’. The exchange rate for the currencies involved in the pair will be calculated using the through currency. In the absence of a direct exchange rate, the system will look for a through currency to compute the rate. If a ‘through currency’ has not been maintained then the default local currency will be picked up as the through currency to compute the rate for a currency pair. The quotation of two different currencies being traded, by which the value of one is compared to the value of the other, is called a ‘currency pair’. In our example, USD is considered the base currency, and CAD is the quote currency.

Essentially, it’s a shared database populated with entries that must be confirmed and encrypted. Think of it as a kind of highly encrypted and verified shared Google Document, in which each entry in the sheet depends on a logical relationship to all its predecessors. Blockchain tech offers a way to securely and efficiently create a tamper-proof log of sensitive activity .

Aayush AgrawalManaging Director, Lenexis FoodWorks
Managing Director, Inspira Realty

Aayush Madhusudan Agrawal is a scion of the illustrious Agrawal family that owns Ajanta Pharma Limited, a multinational specialty pharmaceutical formulation business. He graduated from the prestigious Bentley University in Massachusetts with a Bachelor of Science in Management, and then went on to pursue a Master of Science in Strategic Marketing at Imperial College London. Between his graduation and Masters, he spent some time learning the ropes of the family business. Aayush returned back to India armed with a strong sense of passion and zeal for entrepreneurship.

With seven relatives working in his family's pharma business, Aayush opted to branch out in a totally unrelated field: Pan-Asian food, a cuisine Indians love. Spotting the gap between street food and fine dining restaurants, decided to start his own F&B company, Lenexis FoodWorks, with dedication towards serving hygienic food at an affordable price. In just over 5 years, the company has grown to 61 outlets and plan to open 300 outlets Pan-India over the next few years.

Aayush Agrawal was featured on the Forbes Asia ’30 Under 30’ 2019 list in the food and hospitality category and also in Forbes India's sixth annual 'Forbes India 30 Under 30' list for extraordinary and disruptive achievements in business.

He has diversified in the realty vertical – Inspira Realty to develop an integrated industrial park in Aurangabad Maharashtra with state of art infrastructure of international standards to fulfill the dream of “Make-In-India”. He has now ventured into residential/commercial tower development in Mumbai Region.

Aayush follows the footsteps of his family, well known for their philanthropic activities through their charitable foundations, and strives to make onerous efforts towards the wellbeing of the underprivileged in rural areas with focus on Education, Community Development and Healthcare.

Arushi AgrawalFounder, SEVĀ INDIA

Social entrepreneur Arushi Agrawal founded Sevā India, which produces scented candles to fund social welfare initiatives.

Arushi had a very sheltered life. She was born in Hong Kong, did her schooling there and in Singapore, and went on to pursue undergraduate studies at Babson University in the US. 

Hailing from a well-to-do business family with her father running a group of boutique hotels and her mother running a chain of restaurants in Singapore, Arushi wanted to leverage the resources and network available to her to launch a social venture to address the disparity that exists in India. 

Based in Mumbai, Sevā Home Collection makes luxury candles from soy wax that are sold via its website and Instagram account for Rs 1,400-8,000. Although profit maximisation is not the main goal, she wants to make a statement that the most beautiful candles and fragrances can be Made in India too.

Instead of setting up factories with automated machines, she has opted for a humane approach to hiring women through word-of-mouth and the candle-making trainer who personally knows women in need of jobs.

Launching SEVĀ INDIA 2021 Diwali, every tenth candle sold helped to sponsor a cataract surgery for an elderly person in the tribal communities of Maharashtra through Samta Foundation.  Thus, she plans to support different causes during festivities.

Mamta AgrawalTrustee, Mamta and Madhusudan Agrawal Foundation

Mamta Madhusudan Agrawal is a homemaker. She actively supports her husband in all his endeavours especially the family’s philanthropic activities besides her own social causes.

She is involved in women empowerment programmes through various NGOs headed by her like Bhagini Sanskar Parishad, Archana, etc.

Purushottam AgrawalFounder, Ajanta Pharma Ltd
Chairman, Samta Group
Principal Trustee, Samta Foundation

Purushottam Agrawal, Founder and Principal Trustee of Samta Foundation, is on a mission to make rural and tribal communities healthy, literate and self-reliant. His entrepreneurial brilliance and unrelenting spirit to make a meaningful contribution is the seed of Samta Foundation. His vision is carried forward in our activities, associations and achievements in community development; and has won him several recognitions including an award by the Honourable Vice President of India.

As a businessman, he started with a borrowed seed capital of merely Rs. 10,000 in 1973, and went on to become the Founder of Ajanta Pharma: a pharma major with a market capitalisation of over two billion dollars and employee strength of 6500+. He is also the Chairman of the Samta Group of Companies, which includes Gencrest, the biotech arm, Samta Mines & Minerals Limited, a mining specialist company, Infinichains, IT Company based on block-chain technology and Louroux Bio-energies, an energy sustainability company. He is also the Honorary Consul General of Zimbabwe for Mumbai. Today, his bold ideologies have not only benefited millions in India but across 30+ countries including US, Europe, Asia and the entire African continent.